Research combined with experience is opening up a greater understanding about open adoption.
While some people worry about maintaining an open adoption, research shows open adoption is becoming more of the norm. Open adoption done right benefits all members in the adoption triad: Adoptees, Birth Parents, and Adoptive Parents.
Before the 1970s, open adoption didn’t exist. In the 1980s, biological parents started to fight for contact with their children. Many of the myths that remain about open adoption are simply because of the relative newness of the term.
Here are six facts that may surprise you about open adoption:
Research shows open adoption may strengthen family relationships. In this study, parents say maintaining an open adoption enhanced the parent-child relationship while also helping the child understand different roles of their birth and adoptive families.
95% of U.S. infant adoptions have some level of openness.
55% of adoptions are open or fully disclosed.
40% of adoptions are semi-open, meaning they have mediated contact usually through an agency.
5% of adoptions are closed or confidential.
Findings in this study show adult adoptees ages 18-23 preferred knowing who their birth parents were over not knowing.
While some reported challenges in an open adoption, none reported openness in adoption as a major issue in their lives.
According to this research, families and adolescent adoptees in an open adoption did not feel openness was bothersome or troubling. In fact, adoptive parents of teens indicated an open relationship with their child’s biological family member(s) was beneficial for their child’s identity.
Research shows birth mothers in an open adoption have lower adoption-related grief than those in a closed or confidential adoption. The same research indicated openness did not cause birth mothers to regret their decision to make an adoption plan.
Adoptive parents in an open adoption with varying levels of communication indicated being less fearful that birth parents would reclaim their child. Studies show adoptive parents in an open relationship with their child’s birth family are more empathetic toward birth parents and children who are adopted.